NBC News correspondents give their immediate reactions top the second debate betweem President Barack Obama and Republican nominee Mitt Romney.
Testy exchanges over topics ranging from the economy to energy to women's rights dominated the second presidential debate between President Barack Obama and former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney, sparking vigorous commentary across the spectrum Tuesday night.
The rematch was a very different occasion from the first debate — a "throw-down," as NBC News' Brian Williams called it.
Here's a selection of the reaction from NBC News analysts and others:
Brian Williams, anchor of 'NBC Nightly News'
"In terms of energy, in terms of body language, in terms of flashes of genuine anger, the kind of DeNiro 'Raging Bull' factor on the floor of this event tonight, it was a vastly different event than any we have seen so far this election cycle.
"In terms of the phrases that may live forever: When Governor Romney said 'binders full of women' when talking about a search for employable Cabinet-level women in the state of Massachusetts. And 'it's just not true' was the president's rejoinder over and over."
David Gregory, moderator, 'Meet the Press'
"I think liberals can breathe a sigh of relief. It's not curtains for the president. He showed up and showed up big tonight. He was more aggressive; he had a lot of fight in him. A little light on his vision for the future, Brian — but no question he made a point of studying his opposition research on Romney. And as you mentioned, over and over again he said, 'What Mr. Romney said, what Governor Romney said just isn't true.'
"Romney was strong, too, wrapping the economic troubles of the last four years around the president's neck. He stumbled on this issue of Libya, saying the president didn't call it an act of terror immediately. That's just not true, according to the transcript.
"A lack of civility in this debate, a lack of control at times, and I think in some cases there were some interesting questions, like the comparison between Romney and Bush, where I think voters would have benefited from a little more interaction, a little more debate in the debate."
Savannah Guthrie, NBC News White House correspondent
"I find it a little bit ironic since this debate was supposed to be all about a fight for female voters, and yet we see these two alpha males at one point circling each other on the stage.
"I think there's no question in watching the performances what the objectives were for each of these respective candidates. President Obama clearly wanted to 're-disqualify' Romney. The Obama campaign had had a good deal of success over the summer and fall portraying Mitt Romney as this uncaring, out-of-touch corporate titan. Clearly, President Obama wanted to get that image back into voters' minds attacking Mitt Romney from the very get-go and never letting up.
"And Mitt Romney, on the other hand — his objective was clearly to connect with the ordinary voter. He had a softer tone many times, many times trying to show that empathetic soft side."
Chuck Todd, NBC News political director
"A good lawyer — I would imagine Savannah would agree with this — should know the answer to a question before you ask it. And that's where Mitt Romney, I think, stumbled there at the end on the Libya question.
"Overall, clearly a different President Obama. He came out wanting to make sure he let people know he wants a second term. He was much more engaged. Definitely seemed to study the Romney playbook. He appeared to take Romney as a more serious threat there.
"Romney was rather strong for the first half of the debate. But that Libya moment: You saw the president — you could tell by the way that they seemed to almost practice some of their motions. It was clear the president made the decision when Libya comes up, 'I'm going to stare Romney down right in his face' and vice versa. And that moment is going to be one that's going to be replayed and replayed.
"We could debate whether what was the tone of what the president was inferring when he said 'act of terror' at the time of Libya. But Mitt Romney seemed to stumble, and he seemed to be rattled after that question. He was a different Mitt Romney, I would argue, for the last 15 minutes of that debate.
"Where does this set the race? I think this is one where both bases feel engaged by their guy. I think there's certainly some disappointment in the conservative base that Romney wasn't tougher on Libya. We're headed for a grind-it-out 22 days."
Obama Deputy Campaign Manager Stephanie Cutter and Sen. Rob Portman, R-Ohio, discuss their candidate's performance during the second presidential debate.
Stephanie Cutter, Obama's deputy campaign manager
"I think the president clearly dominated the debate. The American people saw a strong and decisive leader. That's because he laid out the facts, the facts of his record and where he wants to take this country, detailed plans.
"But he also exposed Mitt Romney for his lack of details on his plans and how his math doesn't add up on his tax plans — how his math doesn't add up on his jobs plan. And I think the more he exposed Mitt Romney on what he was saying in his facts, the more Mitt Romney got combative.
"It was a great debate. It was a great discussion. The president is very pleased. We were able to get out a strong, decisive case for why the president deserves a second term, and we're going to continue to fight for it."
Sen. Rob Portman, R-Ohio, Romney's practice debate opponent
"I think he (Obama) was even more annoying than I was at times. The president clearly came out as a different style tonight. We knew he was going to come out swinging, and he did. He telegraphed that he was going to do that. But that doesn't change his record and doesn't change his vision for the future.
"And Chuck Todd said earlier he didn't lay out a vision. I agree with that. You can change your style, but that doesn't change the reality that you've got a lousy record. He didn't try to defend it. Then you also haven't laid out for the undecided voter what's going to change in the next four years."
NBC News analysis: Mitt Romney takes a limited view on oil and gas production on federal lands, while President Barack Obama is mistaken about Romney's stance on Detroit auto makers. NBC's Andrea Mitchell reports.
Andrea Mitchell, NBC News, on oil and gas production clash
"Oil production did fall by 14 percent offshore and onshore, but that was only in one year, from 2010 to 2011, and it was largely the result of fallout from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico in 2010.
"Mr. Obama is right. Since he took office, oil production on federal lands is up. Even with the 14 drop last year, overall production on federal lands is still up 10.6 percent since 2008.
"In terms of natural gas production, natural gas production on federal lands is down and has been declining since 2003, according to the Energy Information Administration, mainly because of a decline in offshore natural gas drilling."
Jim Nussle, budget director for former President George W. Bush
"I think both candidates appealed to their base. That was job one for both candidates and different than the first debate. I think President Obama performed well in energizing his base.
Jared Bernstein, Vice President Joe Biden's former chief economist; Sara Fagen, former aide to President George W. Bush; Keith Boykin, former White House aide to President Bill Clinton; and Jim Nussle, President George W. Bush's budget director, assess the debate.
"The second thing they had to do was appeal to the independent voters — the undecided voters, more especially, the people in the audience asking questions and people at home who still, believe it or not, have not made up their minds. ...
"I think the tenor of this debate is going to turn on the fact that the president still — again, this time for the independent voter, the undecided voter — did not lay out a plan for the future, and I think that's going to set the tone for the rest of this campaign."
Keith Boykin: White House aide to former President Bill Clinton
"I think the president ... did a good job of listing what his accomplishments are. He went through the 5.2 million jobs. He went through the 31 consecutive months of private-sector jobs growth. He mentioned the war in Iraq being ended. He mentioned the Osama bin Laden attack. He was successful throughout the night because for every single question, he pivoted and turned it into an attack on Mitt Romney, which is something he completely failed to do in the first debate."
Sarah Fagen, senior aide to former President George W. Bush
Romney "gave a devastating critique of Obama's tenure in office, all the things that he did from Obamacare that he thought was bad to Dodd-Frank — and then went on to say all the things he didn't do: immigration reform, Social Security reform, Medicare reform. That was, I thought, Mitt Romney's most effective moment."